SUPREME COURT OF CANADA
Citation: R. v. Youssef, 2018 SCC 49,  3 S.C.R. 259
Appeal heard: November 9, 2018
Judgment rendered: November 9, 2018
Her Majesty The Queen
Coram: Moldaver, Côté, Brown, Rowe and Martin JJ.
Reasons for Judgment:
(paras. 1 to 2)
Côté J. (Moldaver, Brown, Rowe and Martin JJ. concurring)
R. v. Youssef, 2018 SCC 49,  3 S.C.R. 259
Abdullah Youssef Appellant
Her Majesty The Queen Respondent
Indexed as: R. v. Youssef
2018 SCC 49
File No.: 38036.
2018: November 9.
Present: Moldaver, Côté, Brown, Rowe and Martin JJ.
on appeal from the court of appeal for ontario
Criminal law — Evidence — Circumstantial evidence — Unreasonable verdict — Accused convicted of several offences arising out of armed bank robbery — Convictions based on circumstantial evidence of identity — Court of Appeal finding that pieces of circumstantial evidence taken together support reasonableness of verdict and exclude any reasonable alternative to guilt — Convictions upheld.
Referred to: R. v. Villaroman, 2016 SCC 33,  1 S.C.R. 1000.
APPEAL from a judgment of the Ontario Court of Appeal (Laskin, Feldman and Blair JJ.A.), 2018 ONCA 16,  O.J. No. 140 (QL), 2018 CarswellOnt 227 (WL Can.), affirming the convictions of the accused. Appeal dismissed.
Richard Litkowski and Jessica Zita, for the appellant.
Kevin Rawluk, for the respondent.
The judgment of the Court was delivered orally by
 Côté J. — In our view, having regard to the principles set out by this Court in R. v. Villaroman, 2016 SCC 33,  1 S.C.R. 1000, at para. 55, it was not unreasonable for the trial judge to conclude that the evidence as a whole excluded all reasonable alternatives to guilt, especially given the presence of Mr. Youssef’s DNA on two different pieces of evidence, one of which was connected to the scene of the bank robbery, and the other to the getaway car. When the trial judge’s reasons are read as a whole, and in the context of the evidence and the arguments at trial, we are not persuaded that the trial judge ignored other potential explanations.
 We would therefore dismiss the appeal.
Solicitors for the appellant: Hicks Adams, Toronto.
Solicitor for the respondent: Crown Law Office — Criminal, Toronto.